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Saturday, 18 September 2010

Use of The Camera,

Camerawork should be analysed in three ways: 
  • Framing - distance, angle, viewpoint of camera from subject
  • Movement - of the camera in relation to the subject
  • Composition - where the subject(s) appear within the frame of the picture

Rule of Thirds - divide the shot screen into 9, the main points of interest are in the centre.

Golden Mean - points of interest are balanced along the diagonal line 

  • camera's distance from the subject
  • camera's angle in relation to the subject
  • point of view
Long Shot

Extreme Long Shot

Mid Shot

Close Up

Extreme Close Up

High Angle Shot

Low Angle Shot

Point of View Shot

Angle in Relation to the Subject ... Meaning?
  • High Angle - Taken from above, looking down on subject
  • Low Angle - Taken from below, looking up at subject  
  • Wide Angle - A lens which allows the audience to see more peripheral details
Point of View Shot
A camera shot as if through the eyes of the protagonist, this will give the audience more infomation on what the character knows and share the experince(often we are asked to empathise with the character).

Key Terms - Framing
  • Extreme/Established Shot(ELS)
  • Long Shot(LS)
  • Medium Long Shot(MLS)
  • Mid Shot(MS)
  • Medium Close Up(MCU)
  • Big Close Up(BCU)
  • Close Up(CU)
  • Extreme Close Up(ECU)
  • High Angle
  • Low Angle
  • Point of View Shot
  • Wide Angle
Key Terms - Movement
  • Pan(Whip Pan)
  • Tilt
  • Doly/Tracking Shot
  • Zoom
  • Crane
  • SteadiCam/Handheld
  • (Aerial Shot) Flying Cam
Panning Shot - The camera operator stays still and the camera moves to follow the action, or often a moving object like a vehicle.

Crane Shot - Using a crane or similar to create high angle shots.

Tracking Shot - Where the camera operator moves alongside of the action.

Aerial Shot - Using a helicopter to provide an extreme high angle shot.

Establishing Shot - A shot often outside, indicates where the action will take place.
Master Shot - A shot that is used at the beginning or end of a section.

Framing Shot - Using a piece of set or scenery to frame a shot.

Two Shot - When two people are in the shot.

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